The media is a generic term which usually refers to the print, broadcast (radio and tv) and new (social) media. The earliest form of media was the print media which could be dated as far back as the 15th century, then came the radio in 1910, tv followed next with its apparition in 1950 and the internet in 1990.
Giving that almost all events have the potentials of being considered as news worthy, most media houses take into consideration certain criteria to include an event on their agenda. Some of these criteria for news selection include:
 The relevance of the story.
 The currency of the story, that is, what’s trending so as not to feed her audience with stale news,
 The unexpectedness of the event. Renown editor Charles Dana said “ if a dog bites a man, that is not news but if a man bites a dog, that makes news”,
 How famous is the protagonist in event, is it a celebrity? Is it a country many people talk about or a country that makes news?
 Human interest stories and negative news tend to be more appealing to the audience,
Hence, most media houses will include events that have such characteristics on their agenda. This selection is done while taking into consideration the editorial policy of the media house as well as that of the country they operate in.The media which seen as the fourth power plays a great role in impacting the public first by what they say and the way they say it. The media has the ability to gate keep information from the audience (Gate keeping is all about the media selecting what to say to the public and what not to say). Also, the media has the power of influencing people through what we call the magic bullet theory. People tend to believe so much in what the media say and react spontaneously to it. Weather forecast announced by the media is a good example to explain this theory. Also, the media has the ability to set the agenda. The agenda setting function of the media is when the media prioritizes issues in the minds of the audience; that is when the media talks about an issue incessantly, people tend to talk about the thing, hence constructing public opinion which even helps the government to set her agenda in that light. For example, all media are talking about Ebola, this has helped in constructing the public’s opinion about the disease and everybody is talking about Ebola. It has also shoved some governments to adopt precautions against Ebola.
All in all the media is very powerful and can either make or mare an individual, an organization even a country. That Is why it is said that ‘the pen is heavier than a sword’

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Posted by on August 29, 2014 in Uncategorized


News in Pictures!!!


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Posted by on September 29, 2013 in "news a la kind"


Teenage Pregnancy……

Teenage pregnancy is becoming a recurrent issue in Cameroon and posses as a great threat on the future of most aspiring youths.

‘A child is a blessing’ it is often said, but the worrisome part is; at what age does one need to reproduce? Dr. Ebune Jackson defines teenage pregnancy as, pregnancy that occurs in teenagers who are defined by as a group of individuals whose ages range between 13-19.

According to the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), about 16 million girls under age 18 give birth each year.  The UNFPA also noted that, another 3.2 million undergo unsafe abortions.

An issue rampant in developing countries, statistics reveal that, the fertility rate among teenagers aged between 15-19 has risen to 12.7% in 2011 as compared to the 5.7% in 2004 hence cajoling them to sexual activities which in some cases lead to pregnancy.

According to the Cameroonian law, an individual below 18 years does not have a criminal responsibility and as such, cannot be prosecuted by the law. Though the Cameroonian law further states that, the minimum age for girl to get married is 15 years and a boy is 18 years, about 17% of girls already have an active reproductive life making them vulnerable.

Blanche, a 15 year old and mother of 6 months old Dave, resident in Yaounde, reveals that she was deceived by a boy who later abandoned her. She added with regrets that she misses her ‘liberty’ and education as she has no one to take care of her baby. Blanche dropped out of school in form four. Another 17 year old teen mum named Yolande Ebogo, discloses that, her three months old baby Arsel, has completely changed her time table as she sleeps little at night. Yolande quitted school after obtaining her F.S.L.C in a bid to fend for her family and now her child. She lamented that, if one could turn back the hands of time, she wouldn’t have wished to have a child before marriage and calls on young girls to avoid pre-marital sex and if need be, they should use a condom.

Statistics from the Social Welfare Centre indicate that five percent of girls in Buea, Southwest Province, fail to go back to school at the beginning of every academic year due to pregnancy. During a campaign organised by the West Regional Delegation of the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and the Family on the sensitization of youths against early pregnancies, statistics reveal that, in a sample of 6 schools, 81 cases of teenage pregnancies were recorded.

Talking to Dr. Ewang Ivis, the medic reveals that, the 3 main factors which promote teenage pregnancies which are referred to medically as high risk pregnancies are; irresponsibility (from both the parents and children), poverty and ignorance. She adds that, most cases they receive are mostly young girls who work as house girls or those who sell in bars. Dr. Ewang Ivis reveals that, most teenage mothers hardly come for antenatal consultations which make it difficult for doctors to do proper follow up of these pregnancies and upon delivery many complications arise. She further highlights that; cases of young girls who have tried some crude methods of abortion and seek medical attention when it is almost late are rampant. Other minor factors might include religious and cultural aspects she adds.

From a gynecological point of view, Dr. Ebune Jackson pinpoints the far reaching consequences of these high risks pregnancies. Major outcomes may include; fertile loss, induced labour and life birth where in most cases some babies are born premature and their mothers suffer from hypertensive diseases. He further explains that, teenage pregnancy can cause trauma to the genital tract and can cause permanent sequelae which could be fistulae or extensive tears due to the fact that, the reproductive organs are not yet mature to bear children.

Looking at the bright side of teenage pregnancies, one would realize that, giving birth early enables one to bring up her children while she is still full of strength. Other opinions hold that, giving birth early enables one to carry her grand children early.

As such, though it is of a general point of view that such high risk pregnancies be avoided, the society in general and parents in particular are encouraged to support and welcome their children and grandchildren during such trying periods.

Vox Pop

What could be done to remedy this situation?

Ophilia Mbachiek epse Mbah, (Cashier at CCC and parent, Yaoundé)

“…children should be God-fearing”

Teenage pregnancy is something which is spiritually unacceptable and puts the young girl’s life at risk. In order to avoid such situations, I think to remedy this ‘plague’ there should be; the improvement of sex education at home and in schools, parents should provide basic needs for their children especially their daughters, build a cordial relationship with them and above all, bring their children up in the way of the lord. To these young girls, my advice is, they should learn from their mistakes, stay away from sex and focus on the proper upbringing of their children.

Innocent Deukou (Translator and Interpreter ASTI Buea)

 “….lay more emphasis on sex education”

Parents should lay more emphasis on their children’s sex education so as to avoid themselves the embarrassment of a teen pregnancy. My advice to youths is to avoid pre-marital sex considering its many setbacks or to use contraception if they ‘must’ indulge in sexual intercourse. Only then can we hope to contain this ever rising phenomenon.

Dr. Jackson Ebune (Gynecologist Yaounde)

“…encourage double protection amongst youths”

As a gynecologist, I encourage the use of contraception amongst sexually active youths. Since youths are more vulnerable to STDs and unwanted pregnancies, I encourage a double protection amongst youths which must consist of a barrier method, that is, the use of condoms.

krystel Kekay (5th year CHUYS)

“…..make abstinence the key word”

As a medical student, I think the major way to curb teenage pregnancy is to make abstinence the key word. The use of condoms should also be encouraged among sexually active youths and girls taught how to calculate their safe period.

Luke Kisob (Lawyer, Yaounde)

“……greater legal provisions for the girl child”

Personally, I suggest that parents and those in charge should create more awareness on young girls to avoid this issue. Also, I think greater legal provisions should be made to protect the girl child who is very vulnerable in our society.

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Posted by on September 25, 2013 in petinent issues


summit is five, Bate Besong lives on!

The Amphitheatre 750 in the University of Buea trembled to the rhythms of the award winning Summit magazine’s 5th birthday on the 7th of July 7, 2012. The occasion was commemorated as a memorial conference on Late Bate Besong. The occasion which was chaired by the Vice Chancellor of the University of Buea, Dr. Nalova Lyonga, was flanked by dignitaries from far and wide. The publisher of Summit magazine Mr. kange William Wassaloko was honoured to have ‘news makers’ gather at his crowd pulling event. People such as Pa Francis Wache, Prof. Bole Butake, Prof. John Nkengasong and Dr. Nalova Lyonga took the rostrum to talk about late Bate Besong’s extraordinary works. Critically, feminist Dr. Nalova Lyonga pointed out in her presentation that, “you don’t see the positive role the African woman plays in B.B’s (as he was fondly called) works”.

Pa Wache who was the moderator of the occasion revealed that B.B was a man who often said much and the shortest speech he ever made was about his last book was “Disgrace is about Bate Besong, Disgrace is about us”. He comically revealed that if B.B were present for that occasion words such as “iguanas, zombies, norm skulls, Lilliput which all sum up to beast of no nation” would have been addressed to the crowd. Personalities such as Ogork Ntui (chief launcher), Mme Elokobi (representative of Camtel), the Very Reverend Dr. Nyansako ni nku, Peter Essoka, Mr. Jackai Musonge and a host of others were also present to raise fund for the Bate Besong foundation. Artist such as the Nobles, Frank Bell, and Kini Fongod also graced the occasion. it should be noted that BB’S family including his aged mother also came to pay homage.

The second phase of the programme dealt with the handing over of awards in the following domains;

 Religious awardees; the Very Reverend Dr. Nyansako ni nku, and Cardinal Tumi.

Higher education awardees; prof Jacque Fame Ndongo (in absential), Prof Dorothy Limunga Njeuma (represented by her daughter), Prof Enoh Tanjong and Prof Nkeng Elambo

Other awardees included; Ni John Fru Ndi, Justice Menyoli and for best management corporation, the Cameroon Development Association (C.D.C)

The occasion ended with an excerpt of B.B’s last interview he granted with the C.R.T.V with Bob Ekukolle where he said, “All literature is propaganda but not all propaganda is literature”.

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Posted by on July 10, 2012 in "news a la kind"


Brain drain-any positive feed back?

Brain drain is a term which had made headlines at one time and was the theme of many national and international conferences and fora.The term can simply be defined as the transfer of useful brains,skills and talents from any developing continent like Africa to a developed continent like America,Europe and beyond.This transfer or ‘drain’ of potential and instrumental brains are done in search of greener pastures,recognition and better openings,self discovery,acceptance and motivation from government,family reunion,financial and social benefits amongst others.The  worrisome issue remains what happens to the developing nations which have trained these brains from their from crude state and yet cannot benefit from the product they have refined?Such nations remain under developed and permanently at the losing end.
A clarion call is still being made that governments of developing nations emulate the good example from developed nations by improving working conditions,creating better openings,increasing salaries,encouraging and rewarding talents,advocating self discovery and recognition amongst other steps to prevent or should I say curb the number of brains that are being expatriated or drained.
The big question still remains; has there been any positive feedback since all these discussions were held.Have things gone better with the famous 25000 recruitment in Cameroon?Has the increase of visa fees in most embassies in Cameroon discouraged brain drain?Has the quest for ‘bushing falling’ financed by near or far relations with or without cut throat conditions reduced?  Has the Cameroon government made any practical moves to hamper brain drain? Les choses a verifier!
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Posted by on June 30, 2012 in reflections


Today’s youths and their mother tongues.

A ‘mother tongue’ which some people argue and choose to call ‘father tongue’ is any native language a child uses at home and with people from the same region to express his or herself and to be understood by people of the same ethnic origin.This language is generally called a mother tongue because the mother spends most-as opposed to the father and other relatives-time with the growing child from the womb until the early toddler years before the infant starts school.It therefore goes without say that it is the language the mother speaks and uses with the child that will prevail in the child’s mind and mouth.So fathers, no offense but we call this primary language a child learns,mother tongue.

Also known as vernacular,local languages or dialects -though some linguists advocate for the disuse of this term in some contexts-knowledge of our respective languages have numerous advantages.We have a sense of belonging in each traditional gathering,we can express our ideas without fear of being misunderstood,we have access to all available information and whats more,we could be saved or even save lives just from saying or hearing expressions in our unique mother tongues.This does not in anyway advocate tribalism as language on its own could unite and divide in various circumstances,but this is however to high light the knowledge and use of the mother tongue as an indispensable asset. Youths who feel shy to speak or identify themselves with their mother tongue,join the fox in the age old adage from Aesop’s Fables to say ‘the grapes are sour’ after trying in vain to assess the grape tree.Such group of youths not only secretly admire their peers who are fluent in their vernaculars but wish they could rewind time to learn what they were not opportuned to learn earlier.It is never too late though,with the Cameroon government’s and various traditional groups’ efforts to teach local languages in school and during summer holidays,all hope is not lost.I believe we will one day have a unifying and national language in Cameroon as is the case with Swahili in East African countries,Arabic in North African countries just to name a few.

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Posted by on June 30, 2012 in reflections


skin bleaching a smile or a grin

Skin bleaching is a recurrent vice plaguing our society today. Take a stroll around and in every 100 metres you will encounter a ‘bleached girl’. Back in time memorial, skin bleaching was something meant for elderly people especially older women. But nowadays, this act has been hijacked by young girls who feel that they are ‘en vogue’. These young girls forget that by using products that contain hydrophone, they destroy the melanin in their body which protects their skin from harm.

However, some of these girls will advance reasons such as; it showcases fame, makes them look more beautiful, as a result of complex (could be inferiority or superiority) and also peer pressure. These girls fail to understand that there are also some disadvantages linked to this redundant act affecting our society. These disadvantages include: the individual is prone to having cancer, the individual is looked upon by the society in a way that does not speak well of you, some parts of your body such as your joints and knuckles ‘refuse’ to bleach and also some smell emanates from such individual’s body. Funny enough is the fact that boys like men are following this fashion trend as one may call it. Some women even reveal that they are shoved by their husband to tone their colours as they will call it.

This article simply goes to serve as a clarion call to all those practice this disgusting act to shun it before they all fall in the trap of ‘HAD I KNOWN’




Posted by on June 22, 2012 in The Don'ts